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    豫東戰役:戰敗的黃伯韜軍團為何會被授予青天白日勛章?

    2016-06-05 13:32 來源:獵奇吧編輯整理 作者:佚名

    1947年,解放軍軍委命令粟裕兵團(外線兵團)南下,或者在中原地區消滅5軍。“以殲滅五軍為夏季作戰之中心目標”。于是,外線兵團七個縱隊的十萬人扛上大炮游行,從6月15日到22日,耗費整整七天時間,打下了開封(當時的河南省省會)。至22日晨,開封守敵全部肅清。

    豫東戰役

    在24日,外線兵團指揮所內部還未下一步的行動爭論不已,而且意見分歧嚴重。于是,粟裕就起草了下一階段的作戰預案,首先簽上自己的名字,然后請同意自己意見的人聯名簽署,在當天的19時才發出。到27日,部隊才于晚上展開行動,在所謂聚殲基本由新兵組成的區壽年時,雖然借助陳毅的內線情報俘虜了區壽年,但是,鐵佛寺及其周圍地區的有生力量,抵抗極為劇烈,外線兵團就干脆放棄攻擊,然后撤離包圍,攻擊黃伯韜兵團。

    由于時間一再拖延,包括攻城的時間拖延過長等原因,導致黃伯韜部隊成功而從容地聚集起來了足夠圍殲粟裕外線兵團的力量,并迅速進入攻擊狀態。而鐵佛寺的72師也在黃伯韜部隊到達后,展開了中心突破,致使外線兵團腹背受敵。連陣亡士兵的遺體也來不及收斂,之后,邱清泉兵團也迅速趕到,并在側背對外線兵團展開了積極攻擊,使得外線兵團實際陷入到了地熱無奈的反包圍中去。再次情況下,軍委除了命令中原野戰軍展開阻援掩護撤退外,還于7月1日,命令華北軍區的冀魯豫獨立第一、第三旅南下參戰,在電文中指出,此命令“極為重要,望速轉令堅決執行此令,不得延誤!”

    豫東戰役

    之后,在7月6日,軍委電報劉鄧,指出:粟軍于戰役結束后有十天左右喘息時間,北移休整,立于主動地位,是為至盼。全軍進展情形望逐日電告。”

    此電的內容,措辭之嚴厲中包含的意思就是,嚴令中原部隊不惜傷亡展開阻擊作戰,掩護粟裕部隊突圍北上,不使邱清泉等部隊圍殲外線兵團成功。

    直到此時,粟裕才看出周邊情況不妙。他說:一定要在敵重兵靠攏之前,結束豫東戰役。此后,7月7日晚粟裕外線兵團在各方掩護下,向北渡過黃河,“轉進”到了基本全部解放的山東解放區,豫東戰役結束。

    豫東戰役到底誰才是勝方

    戰場實際上是留給黃伯韜、邱清泉等部隊打掃的,所以,后來的統計的戰果與傷亡數字等,恐怕國軍后來公布的數字更有說服力一些。

    豫東戰役

    這場戰役的勝負單純只能從軍事目的出發,加入任何黨派之爭都不客觀,公正。最好以兵棋推演形勢推測,以歷史,事實為依據。解放軍方面稱消滅區壽年一個兵團部,整編75師師部及16旅的46團,活捉了區壽年和師長沈澄年。中共宣稱豫東殲滅蔣敵區壽年兵團,黃伯濤兵團等部5萬人的偉大勝利。蔣介石方面也宣稱大捷,擊潰共軍1,4,6縱隊,俘獲3598人,匪傷亡,逃散連帶民兵超過8萬人以上。并授予司令黃伯濤最高級別勛章“青天白日勛章”!

    勝利者在回首往事,總結經驗時,往往容易貶低對方,掩飾自己的困難,把艱苦卓絕的斗爭,說成萬事如意,一句成功。時至今天,我們也可以說豫東戰役中共勝了,但也應該是慘勝!

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