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    施耐庵的作品,水滸傳!

    2018-11-20 13:51 來源:獵奇吧編輯整理 作者:佚名
        施耐庵原名彥端,字肇瑞,號子安,別號耐庵。泰州興化人,祖籍蘇州,舟人之子,生于興化白駒鎮(今鹽城市大豐區),13歲入私塾,19歲中秀才,29歲中舉人,36歲中進士。36歲至40歲之間官錢塘二載,后與當道不合,復歸蘇州。至正十六年(1356)六十歲,張士誠據蘇,征聘不應;與張士誠部將卞元亨相友善,后流寓江陰,在祝塘鎮教書。71歲或72歲遷興化,旋遷白駒場、施家橋。朱元璋屢征不應;最后居淮安卒,終年74歲。施耐庵的作品有哪些?代表作是什么?著作是四大名著之一的《水滸傳》。
        施耐庵,元末明初小說家。關于他的生平,舊籍記載很少。相傳,施耐庵出身船家,從小就對河湖港汊的水上生活十分熟悉。當時,下層坊間流傳著許多生動的傳說,其中,關于北宋宣和年間宋江起義的故事深深地吸引了施耐庵。因為對腐朽黑暗的社會現實不滿,他決心寫一部反映宋江起義的白話小說,以揭露封建社會的黑暗和統治階級的罪惡,贊揚農民英雄的反抗精神。施耐庵用心搜集各種材料,對宋末以來藝術家們津津樂道的話本《大宋宣和遺事》加以研究,從而在《宋江三十六人贊》的基礎上,運用驚人的藝術才能,創造了一百零八將的姓名和綽號,使宋江起義的故事變得更為有血有肉。經過不懈的努力,他終于完成了以描寫農民起義為中心內容的長篇小說《水講傳》的初稿。不久,全國爆發了規模宏大的反元斗爭,施耐庵因博學而被張士誠請人幕府。但施耐庵見張士誠胸無大志,知他難成大事,便托辭回鄉,繼續從事自己喜歡的小說創作。
        施耐庵敢于打破世俗的封建觀念,大膽地借那些“打家劫舍”的強盜抒寫自己對專制社會的痛恨,他描繪了一個由宋江等一百零八位好漢建立的理想的水泊梁山,那里人人有平等的地位而不失其秩序,個個有獨立之才而不枉其用。他宣揚平等、民主,謳歌自由,深刻地揭示了“官逼民反”的道理。《水講傳》把顛倒的歷史重新顛倒過來,使那些帝王將相在農民英雄的正直形象面前黯然失色,顯得卑鄙而又丑陋。書中語言洗練明快,酣暢活潑,通俗而富有表現力。
         施耐庵(1296~1371)名子安(一說名耳),又名肇瑞,字彥端,號耐庵。原籍蘇州,住閶門外施家巷,后遷居當時海陵縣白駒場(今江蘇省大豐市白駒鎮)。
      施耐庵是孔子七十二子弟之一施之常后裔,唐末施之常后人在蘇州為家。其父名為元德,操舟為業,母親卞氏(卞氏后裔亦遷至今江蘇省大豐市境內)。興化地處里下河下游,溝河縱橫,港汊交錯,其父施元德在興化操舟度日。耐庵有兩個弟弟:二弟彥明,三弟彥才。
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